(1888) – The National Geographic Society was founded in Washington, DC. The society remains one of the largest nonprofit scientific and educational institutions in the world. National Geographic has interest in geography, conservation, and education of the planet and its diverse places and cultures.
(1945) – Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland were liberated by Soviet troops. Auschwitz was the largest camp of its kind, incorporating three main campuses. The camps served as prisons of perceived enemies of the Nazi regime. At the end of World War II in April of 1945, The New York Times reported that 4 million people died at Auschwitz.
(1967) – Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee. Apollo 1 was the first manned craft in the US lunar landing mission. The launch was scheduled for February 21, but during a launch rehearsal nearly a month earlier, a cabin fire erupted, killing the three astronauts on board. Apollo missions were put on hold for 20 months following the accident in order to correct the problems that led to the disaster.
(1973) – President Richard Nixon ordered a ceasefire of the bombings on Vietnam. Both sides, the US and Vietnam, agreed to the ceasefire, ending the longest US war and military draft in American history. The war lasted over 18 years and escalated under the Johnson administration in the mid-1960s.
(2010) – Steve Jobs unveiled the Apple iPad. In his keynote address Jobs stated, “Everybody uses a smart phone or a laptop. And a question has arisen lately: Is there room for something in the middle? Something between a laptop and a smart phone?” Since its introduction, the iPad tablet has seen four generations, an iPad Mini, and an iPad Air selling over 170 million units worldwide.