(1845) – “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe is published for the first time. Poe initially brought the poem to Graham’s Magazine in Philadephia but it was declined. It was then published in The American Review under a pseudonym. The New York Evening Mirror was the first publication to run the poem with Poe’s real name in the byline.
(1936) – Major League Baseball inducted its first members into the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York. The first induction class included Ty Cobb, Walter Johnson, Christy Mathewson, Honus Wagner, and Babe Ruth. Cobb was inducted with the highest percentage of the votes. Wagner and Ruth tied for second in votes followed, by Mathewson and Johnson.
(1954) – American talk-show host, actress, producer, and businesswoman Oprah Winfrey was born in rural Mississippi. Winfrey was born to a unwed teenage mother and lived in poverty for the first part of her life. After securing a full scholarship to Tennessee State University, Winfrey moved through the ranks of broadcast television, eventually landing a gig as a talk show host. She launched an Oprah Winfrey brand including a magazine and television network and is now worth $2.9 billion according to Forbes.
(1963) – The first members to the National Football League’s Hall of Fame were named in Canton, OH. The NFL was founded in Canton in 1930. The first induction class included 17 players, coaches, and owners. The class included Sammy Baugh, Bert Bell, Joseph Carr, Dutch Clark, Harold “Red” Grange, George Halas, Mel Hein, Pete Henry, Cal Hubbard, Earl “Curly” Lambeau, Tim Mara, George Preston Marshall, John “Blood” McNally, Bronko Nagurski, Ernie Nevers, and Jim Thorpe.
(1998) – A bomb exploded at an abortion clinic in Birmingham, AL, killing an off-duty policeman and severely wounding a nurse. Eric Rudolph was charged with this bombing and three other attacks in Atlanta. Rudolph was also responsible for bombing Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta during the 1996 Summer Olympic Games. Rudolph was a fugitive for nearly five years before he was caught in 2003.