(1884) – The first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was published using the name A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. The dictionary was originally a project handled by the Philological Society in London who were displeased with the number of forgotten words in other dictionaries.
In 1896, the editors moved the publication to Oxford University and the name Oxford English Dictionary was first used.
(1900) – The Eastman Kodak Company introduced the Brownie box camera. The camera initially cost just $1.00 and used the saying “You push the button, we do the rest,” introducing the idea of the snapshot.
The Eastman Kodak Company came out with several different versions of the camera, selling millions of them throughout the mid-twentieth century.
(1960) – Four black college students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University began a sit-in protest at a Woolworth store lunch counter in Greensboro, NC. They had been refused service at a segregated lunch counter and were asked to leave, but the four men stayed until the store closed.
In the days following, hundreds of students and other protestors joined the sit-in at the Woolworth store and at other segregated establishments throughout the state. The demonstrations were covered heavily in the media and are credited as a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement.
(1994) – Jeff Gillooly pled guilty in Portland, Oregon, for his role in the January 1994 attack on figure skater Nancy Kerrigan. Gilloly was married to figure skater Tonya Harding, a competitor of Kerrigan’s.
Both women were favored to represent the United States in the Lillehammer Winter Olympics later that month, but Gilloly placed a hit on Kerrigan that bruised her knee and forced her to withdraw from the U.S Championships.
The USOC sent Harding and Kerrigan (despite her not having skated at the trials) to the Olympics, where Kerrigan placed second and Harding finished eighth. Harding was later banned from skating for life, though to this day she maintains her innocence in the attack.
(2003) – NASA’s space shuttle Columbia exploded while re-entering the Earth’s atmosphere. All seven astronauts on board were killed.
The investigation into the disaster proved that a piece of foam insulation detached and struck the left wing causing the shuttle to become unstable and break apart upon re-entry into the atmosphere. Debris was found in parts of Texas and Louisiana.
For two years following the disaster all of the Space Shuttle Fleet was grounded.