(1789) – George Washington is elected the first president of the United States of America. Sixty-nine members of Congress unanimously cast their votes for the former leader of the Continental Army and chairman of the Continental Congress. Washington was reluctant, but accepted the appointment. John Adams, the runner-up in the election, became the country’s first vice president.
(1902) – Aviator Charles Lindbergh is born in Detroit, Michigan. Lindbergh is best known for being the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean without any stops. He enlisted in the army in 1927 and trained as an army air service reserve pilot. In 1919, a $25,000 prize was offered to the first person who could complete the transatlantic journey. In 1927, Lindbergh and his airplane, The Spirit of St. Louis, completed the trip rocketing him to worldwide fame. Lindbergh passed away August 26, 1974 from lymphoma.
(1913) – Civil rights activist Rosa Parks is born in Tuskegee, Alabama. In 1955, Parks refused to give up her seat in the colored section of a segregated bus to a white passenger because the white section was filled. She was arrested for civil disobedience and became an icon for segregation resistance. Her actions led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott in which thousands of African-Americans boycotted riding the bus and found alternative ways to get to where they were going. Parks is credited as a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. She passed away on October 24, 2005 at age 92.
(1941) – The United Service Organization, or USO, is formed as a way to lift the spirits of military personnel and their families. The organization was founded during World War II as a “home away from home” for troops serving overseas. The USO has sponsored live concerts, activities, and services for the military both at home and on foreign bases.
(2004) – The online social media giant, Facebook, is founded by Harvard college student Mark Zuckerberg and several of his roommates. The site was initially limited to just Harvard students, and then extended to other Ivy League students before it eventually became available to any college student both in the United States and abroad. Today, Facebook is arguably the largest and most influential social media platform in the world. As of January 2014, Facebook had 1.23 billion users and was valued at over $134 billion.