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1939_05_27--5-73-Star Spangled Fascists

72 THE SATURDAY EVENING POST May 27, 1939 In come the whole Peoria Tourin' an' Hill-Climbin' Club Now take a lawn mower. I can control it. But motorcycles have got me buffaloed. I can't remember how to shut 'em off! Naturally, I'm a little nervous last Saturday when twenty of 'em roared and sputtered into my station at once. Nice bunch of boys and girls on 'em, too. While the girls are powderin' their noses, I talk to some of the boys. Seems they have clubs like theirs all over the country. This particular crowd from my part of Illinois climbs hills—for sport! But what I was goin' to tell you was what they said about oil. They said if you had your auto engine between your knees, you'd know how important it is to have good oil in it. One boy said to me: "When we start our motors out cold, they hafta have oil that is fast-flowin' to get around those pistons. Then in a little while they're runnin' hotter'n —" (He talked plain.) "An' you need a tough oil for that, believe me." This made me feel good because Golden Shell Oil was what they used. And the price—only 25¢ a quart—pleases the boys, too. Maybe they spend their oil savings on liniment. Sincerely, On. 49441PS44 P.S. Where are you off to for Decoration Day? Well, remember—there's always one of us Shell Dealers along the way who can help make your trip a pleasant one. task of research, information and interpretation. They are the Brain Trust side of the picture. Prominent in it are Robert E. Edmonson, who publishes American Vigilante Bulletins and, after a 1936 indictment for his attacks on the Jews, keeps out of reach of reporters; Harry A. Jung, an old-time and exceedingly effective anti-Communist campaigner, who runs the American Vigilante Federation in Chicago; and Edward H. Hunter, an ex-detective, whose present and apparently well-financed vehicle is the Industrial Defense League in Boston. But tops among the Brain Trusters is James True, the No. 1 Associate of the James True Associates. He is tall and lean and, from gray spats to gray hair, a pleasing symphony. True's headquarters was formerly in the National Press Building in Washington. Latterly, "with the risks of this business on the increase," he moved into a less accessible office, where he has no telephone and keeps his doors locked. This latter fact may explain why much of the money for his work, as he not too conclusively told me, comes in "over the transom." His work includes the direction of America First, Inc. It also, and more importantly, involves the production of Industrial Control Reports, a newsletter which serves as the weekly Fascist low-down on the Capitol. If an American Hitler arises and has need, as he will, of a newspaper, he could go farther and do worse than to take over Industrial Control Reports. That, I am sure, would please Mr. True. There would have to be some changes on the mechanical side, but the editorial policy would hardly have to be touched. It is already as pro- Hitler as—at this stage—it is prudent to be. The German-American Build, says the issue of January twenty-ninth, "is leading the fight for Americanism." Most of the anti-Semitic material in the reports is taken, without much camouflage, from Nazi sources. When, last year, Oswald Mosley's Black Shirts sent a delegate to the United States, True served as his Washington guide and has kept in close touch with British Fascism ever since. True claims that the number of his readers will run " well into six figures." The Voice From Royal Oak Although this vast network of organizations has no leader, it does have a voice. It was not an oratorical coincidence that, at the recent Bund meeting in Madison Square Garden, the mention of the name of Father Coughlin launched the biggest demonstration of the evening. Generally throughout Fascist circles, Father Coughlin's word is regarded as an authoritative substitute—the more authoritative because it is non-Jewish— for the law and the prophets. As for the organized anti-Nazis, they put him down as American Fascism's arch- demagogue. Privately, at least, he makes a poor showing as a demagogue. I have seldom heard a friendlier, more practical sermon than the one he preached on the Sunday morning that I visited his church in Royal Oak, Michigan, or enjoyed more charming hospitality than he and his young assistants dispensed that day in the medieval dining room of his rectory. He convincingly denies that he is anti-Semitic or pro-Fascist. "The burden of my attack," he says, "is against the Communists," and his effectiveness on that issue is undeni- able. Forty stations carry his weekly radio addresses and a staff of 105 readers is required to handle his mail-70 per cent of which comes from Protestants. But however unintentional, the emphasis in some of his addresses, his at least implied defense of Hitlerism as an inevitable bulwark against the Red advance, his publicizing of the " Protocols of Zion" and his known reliance upon Nazi source material, all combine to give him an exalted position in pro- Fascist circles which opposition to Communism, alone, could not account for. " He is not the leader we are looking for," said George Deatherage, "but America has produced no greater voice ; and when the time for the showdown comes, Father Coughlin will have behind him, and us, ten million mobilized followers." The Man on Horseback Up to the present, attempts to tie together the vast Fascist network in the United States in a single organization have failed largely because there has been no first-rate figure available who could command the support of so many highly ambitious second-rate figures. The search for such a figure, however, is continuing. Last spring, the leading contender was the Reverend Gerald Winrod. In fact, it looked then as though Kansas, having provided the Communists with Mr. Browder, would do as well, in the person of Mr. Winrod, for the Fascists. But Winrod's effort to win the Republican nomination for the Senate was unsuccessful. In Wichita, in a somewhat imposing building, are his offices and plant. His Defender is a well-printed monthly which runs from thirty to forty-four pages and which is said to have a circulation of between 75,000 and 100,- 000. Ostensibly a religious publication, fundamentalist in theology, Winrod's editorials and most of his leading articles are of the familiar pattern. Winrod's faith in Hitler is credited to an extended visit in Germany some time after the Nazis came to power. Much of his editorial ability has been subsequently devoted to minimizing the attacks of the Nazis on the church. "In Germany and Italy," he writes, " the church is revered and preserved." Nazism and Fascism, another editorial declares, stand for "life, happiness and prosperity." Meanwhile, he lends a hand wherever it will be helpful. The most recent situation in which he did his bit was in regard to the appointment of Felix Frankfurter to the Supreme Court. Several weeks before Frankfurter's appointment, Winrod, as James True reports it, had 40,000 pamphlets in the mail demanding his impeachment. But a far more potent candidate than Winrod is Major General George Van Horn Moseley, of Atlanta. In fact, if the leaders of this movement were to vote right now for their man on horseback, General Moseley, with little doubt, would get the job. He has had no mandate, up to now, largely because, when unofficially approached, he has been a bit coy as to his willingness to heed it. Meanwhile, he makes " straight from the shoulder" speeches and bides his time. At his retirement last year, General Moseley was commander of the Fourth Corps area, with headquarters at Atlanta. Retiring after a distinguished career, his "farewell address" to the Army was a broadside on the theme


1939_05_27--5-73-Star Spangled Fascists
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